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How to Recognize Plagiarism

Examples: Patterns of Plagiarism

Below are 15 patterns of plagiarism, followed by 3 patterns of non-plagiarism. Click on each pattern name to see a prototypical example.

Key: wfw=word-for-word plagiarism; para=paraphrasing plagiarism

  1. Clueless Quote: wfw because no quotes, no citation, no reference
  2. Crafty Cover-up: proper paraphrase but wfw also present
  3. Cunning Cover-up: para because no citation, no reference
  4. Deceptive Dupe: wfw because no quotes, no citation, but has reference
  5. Delinked Dupe: wfw because no reference, even though quotes and citation
  6. Devious Dupe: correct quote but wfw also present
  7. Dippy Dupe: wfw because quotes missing, even though full citation and reference
  8. Disguised Dupe: looks like proper para, but actually wfw because no quotes, no locator
  9. Double Trouble: both wfw and para, although has reference
  10. Linkless Loser: wfw because citation and reference lacking, although has quotes and locator
  11. Lost Locator: wfw because missing locator, although has quotes, citation, and reference
  12. Placeless Paraphrase: para because no reference, although citation present
  13. Severed Cite: para because reference but no citation
  14. Shirking Cite: wfw because lacks locator and reference, although quotes and citation present
  15. Triple D--Disguised Disconnected Dupe: wfw--looks like proper para, but no quotes, no reference, no locator

Examples: Patterns of Non-Plagiarism

  1. Correct Quote: takes another's words verbatim and acknowledges with quotation marks, full in-text citation with locator, and reference
  2. Proper Paraphrase: summarizes another's words and acknowledges with in-text citation and reference
  3. Parroted Paraphrase: appears to be paraphrasing, and technically may not be plagiarism, but ... ???

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